A rare water-borne amoeba that swims up through the nose and infects the brain has led to the death of 3 young Americans, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) said on Friday. Known as Naegleria fowleri, the amoeba is found in warm freshwater lakes as well as the occasional poorly treated swimming pool. The result is a “rare, but severe” brain infection, and kills on average 3 people per year.
In the first week the disease causes major headaches, fever, vomiting and a stiffening of the neck, eventually leading to confusion, seizures and hallucinations. The disease is almost always fatal.
There is no apparent cure for the extremely rare disease, though some drugs have proved effective in the laboratory, the CDC said.
Just 32 people were infected in the United States from 2001 to 2010, far less than the 36,000 drowning deaths recorded between 1996 and 2005, according to the CDC.
Earlier this month a 16-year-old died of the infection after an outdoor swim in Florida and a nine-year-old died in Virginia after contracting the disease at a summer fishing camp.
In June a 20-year-old in Louisiana was infected by a contaminated nasal allergy spray. The disease is more common in the balmy US southern states.
Amoebas thrive in warm water, and another species, Entamoeba histolytica, causes intestinal disease, particularly in tropical climates with poor sanitary conditions.
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